Don't Waste Time! 7 Facts Until You Reach Your Magic Mushroom Tea

Mushrooms the most mysterious group of living effects on earth.

The parcels of fungi are little studied, although Magic Mushroom Tea they play a huge part in the biosphere. Mushrooms are analogous to shops, but they're in numerous ways analogous to the beast area. One of the problems of husbandry is the defeat of cultivated shops by fungi. Such a fungal infection is phytoflora, which makes summer residers near Moscow shoot green tomatoes.

Yuri Dyakov, Professor, Doctor of Biology, Head of the Department of Mycology and Algology at the Faculty of Biology of Moscow State University, tells about the natural diversity of fungi and what brings fungi closer to creatures.

What are mushrooms?

When curious mushroom selectors find some astonishingly shaped organisms in the timber, similar as an earthen asterisk or oarfish, which in general don't have a typical mushroom shape, they bring them to us, and not to other specialists. That is, they understand how mushrooms differ fromnon-mushrooms. But the more and deeper you look, the less clear what mushrooms are. And there's such a description mushrooms are eukaryotic organisms( that is, organisms that have a cell nexus) that feed simply somatrophically- that is, they don't produce, but absorb nutrients throughout the body.

Mushrooms, unlike shops, aren't able of photosynthesis

Creating organic matter from inorganic matter, they need organic composites in the terrain. But they absorb them not like creatures that have special mouth organs, a digestive tract, and so on, but with their whole body. This system of nutrition has assessed features on everything- on the morphology, biology, biochemistry of fungi. In utmost mushrooms, their body is largely fanned vestments- mycelium. This is the stylish way to absorb nutrients.

The alternate point is that mushrooms have veritably important hydrolytic enzymes that break down complex polymers similar as proteins, polysaccharides, lipids and others into individual structure blocks monomers that can pass through the integument of the fungus. This requires veritably important enzymes that are released into the terrain. Mushrooms are used in biotechnology to produce enzymes that break down organic composites.


In terms of its structure, the mushroom body is, one might say, an intestine turned outside out, because the intestine secretes enzymes inward, and they break down food, and mushrooms cache enzymes outward.

Another point associated with the fact that in order to stink it all up, you need a veritably important pressure. That is, mushroom mycelium is a pump that develops tremendous pressure, allowing these results to be driven into itself. For illustration, the fruit bodies of champignons break through the asphalt.

Another point is the spore- bearing organs. In fungi, they always rise above the substrate. What's popularly called mushrooms are just the structures in which spores are formed.


We generally call only part of the fungus, its fruiting body, mushrooms?


Only the organ ofreproduction.However, you can see that there are light vestments of mycelium on it, If you pull out a mushroom with a piece of soil. This is the mushroom itself.

Why are fungi closer to creatures or shops?

When Linnaeus created his system, the principles of which are still generally accepted, and which molecular and inheritable taxonomists are trying to revise moment, he didn't know where to put the mushrooms. He ditched everything that was incomprehensible into one mound, including mushrooms, and called it chaos.


Now, with the help of these styles, which allow us to determine the inheritable relationship of the organism, that is, the analysis of not phenotypic traits, but the genome, it was possible to show that fungi aren't a single group. Mushrooms correspond of at least three independent, fully different evolutionary lines.


One line is real mushrooms. The alternate group is veritably near, veritably affiliated to unheroic- brown algae that have chlorophyllC. And the third group is veritably close to creatures, the so- called myxomycetes, which crawl like amoeba and in general they not only stink, but they can also absorb whole patches with the help of a membrane vesicle. They're called slime molds.

Publicado en Health en julio 10 at 10:51
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