The cannabis plant has several subspecies: Sativa, Indica, and Ruderalis. We explain their cultivation differences and how you can identify them.
Cannabis Sativa is a subspecies of Cannabis Sativa L. whose origin is found in equatorial countries of Asia, Africa, and America, that is, warm places. Nowadays, it is very difficult to find seeds of 100% Sativa varieties.
The characteristics that best define this plant are its tall stature, its elongated and thin leaves, its light green color, and its little foliage.
For its cultivation, we must know that this type of cannabis grows a lot-it reaches more than 4 meters in height-so when planting them outdoors they can attract the attention of our neighborhood. Its cultivation cycle lasts between 10 and 16 weeks and due to its genetics, it is better adapted to climates of mild temperatures.
Cannabis Sativa has more psychoactive cannabinoids than other strains so its effects are fundamentally mental, but of course, it all depends on the person who ingests or smokes it, and the strain. In addition, we can find some therapeutic benefits, such as that it is analgesic, relieves depression, decreases nausea, and increases appetite.
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Cannabis Indica is another of the varieties of Cannabis Sativa L. that comes to us from regions such as Tibet, Nepal, India, and Pakistan. This plant is accustomed to cold and arid climates so they are more resistant to low temperatures.
Indica varieties are recognizable by their smaller size, small, broad leaves, greater foliage, and tighter fruits. In addition, these cannabis plants have a dark green color.
Its cultivation cycle is shorter, between 45 and 65 days, and has very little tolerance to fungi so it is better to grow it in dry climates. Growers need to keep this in mind if they want to get the most out of their seeds.
The effects of consuming this cannabis strain are more physical thanks to its higher concentration of CBD. It is indicated for stress, stimulating appetite and as an anti-inflammatory and analgesic, it also decreases seizures.
Currently, it is difficult for growers to achieve seeds of pure Indica varieties since as has happened with Sativa, they have been mixed with other species.
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This type of Cannabis originating in Russia and Eastern European countries is the smallest of all since it does not reach a meter of height. The Ruderalis variety is a plant that is able to grow in the worst conditions and adapts to different climates.
It has a very short and automatic growing cycle of about 3 or 4 weeks. This is an advantage for your growers as you do not depend on the photoperiod to move from the growth phase to the flowering phase.
Due to its low level of cannabinoids, it is not usually of interest for therapeutic or recreational uses, so it is not very coveted, although it does have CBD. Normally what their growers do is cross it with another variety such as Indica or Sativa. This favors cultivation in adverse circumstances and creates auto-flowering varieties.
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Hybrid Cannabis Plants
Currently, the largest amount of cannabis seeds we can find are hybrids, so it is very difficult to find 100% Indica or Sativa strains. This is because in the last decades of cultivation different strains of Cannabis have been mixed to enhance the best genes of each variety. The goal is to achieve plants with a greater amount of cannabinoids, more productive and resistant.
This type of variety had its boom from the seventies in the United States but spread to the rest of the world. Today there are countless different strains that exist.
Its effects and characteristics depend on what type of cannabis hybrid it is and whether the Indica or Sativa genes predominate. As you can see, each strain of cannabis, even if they are from the same family, has its own traits and an effect that make them very different from each other. In addition, regardless of what variety it is, the type of crop attached to the genotype will give us Cannabis plants with a phenotype that makes them unique and with a different effect.