Musculoskeletal pain affects bones, joints, ligaments, muscles, and tendons. Depending on the cause, the pain could be acute or chronic. Besides this, musculoskeletal pain can be localized, meaning it affects only one area of the body or may affect the entire body. Sometimes, the pain is so worse that surgery may be required to provide long-term effects.
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Different Types of Musculoskeletal Pain
Below mentioned are the common types of musculoskeletal pain people may experience:
Fractures and other musculoskeletal injuries can cause bone pain. In rare cases, a tumor may be the cause.
Joint pain may occur because of an injury or age-related joint deterioration. Stiffness & inflammation in the joints are a few of the common causes of joint pain. It is often noticed that joint pain improves with rest and becomes worse with activities.
Muscle pain is common in athletes and people with high activity levels. The causes of muscle pain are spasms, cramps, and injuries. In some cases, infections or tumors may also cause muscle pain.
Pain in Tendons and Ligaments
The common causes of tendon and ligament pain are sprains, strains, and overuse.
What Causes Musculoskeletal Pain?
Common causes of musculoskeletal pain include:
- Bone fractures
- Poor posture
- Overuse injuries
- Direct impact on muscles, bones, or joints
- Joint dislocation
What Are the Symptoms of Musculoskeletal Pain?
Symptoms associated with musculoskeletal pain may vary depending on the cause and location. The common symptoms that may be experienced include:
- Burning sensations in the muscles
- Problems with sleeping
- Pain that becomes worse with the movement
How Musculoskeletal pain is Diagnosed?
Medical history is examined by the healthcare service provider during the diagnosis of musculoskeletal pain. For the correct diagnosis, certain questions like the symptoms experienced, any previous injuries, the intensity of pain, and the factors that improve the pain will be asked. Besides this, a physical examination will also be performed where the healthcare service provider will gently touch and move the affected area to notice the location and the intensity of pain. Besides all this, certain imaging tests may also be required to confirm the cause. The tests ordered may include:
- Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI)
- Computed tomography (CT) scans
- Certain blood tests may also be required during the diagnosis
What is the Treatment for Musculoskeletal Pain?
The treatment for musculoskeletal pain depends on the underlying cause and the intensity of the pain. Some of the common treatments available for musculoskeletal pain include:
- Pain relievers
- Occupational therapy
- Chiropractic adjustment
- Physical therapy
- Therapeutic massage
- Steroid injections
If the pain is mild, certain home remedies can also help improve the condition. The remedies that may be tried include:
- Hot and cold therapy
- Strengthening and stretching exercise
- Over-the-counter pain relievers
- Stress reduction techniques
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